Unesco finds the history of this archaeological site through 1st to 13th centuries period only; according to scholars, this represents the influence of the ancient Bakhtrias or the Baktrians, and their cultural influences along with Gandhar school of art. The area contains numerous Buddhist monastic ensembles and sanctuaries that flourished during the Islamic period, Unesco observes.
Scholars find Bamiyan Valley as an enclosed space between the mountains of the Hindu Kush in the central highlands of Afghanistan; it consisting of eight separate sites within the Valley with two giant Buddha statues which were destroyed by the Taliban in 2001; most of the caves forming a large ensemble of Buddhist monasteries, chapels and sanctuaries along the foothills of the valley dates from 3rd to the 5th century C.E, where remains of wall paintings and seated Buddha figures are found. In the valleys are groups of caves like : the Kakrak Valley Caves and along the Fuladi valley are the caves of Qoul-i Akram and Lalai Ghami, that contains decorative features.
Remains of the fortress of Shahr-i Ghulghulah and Qallai Kaphari at Shahr-i Zuhak, of the 10th to 13th centuries were built under the rule of the Islamic Ghaznavid and Ghorid dynasties which refer to certain facts of history that scholars have completely missed. Even those scholars who have toiled to give a historical picture of the area are not aware of the meaning of the Hind Ksuh that identifies Ohind as a place Cush’s rule of royal administration. Hind is a corrupt name for Ohind.
What is noted by Unesco in its websites on the existence of Bamiyan Valley on the Silk Road is not correct; Hiouen Tsiangs’s visit to Bamiyan has been misunderstood by scholars; leaving the Iron Gates, and entering Tukhara, Hiouen Tsiang proceeded along the Oxus to the country Hwo. From here he proceeded again with some priests of Balkh to the country of Po-ho. Here he stayed for some time and worshiped the relics of the Buddha; and from there he went to Bamiyan; He visited the countries here which he has names in his accounts as Kie-chi, Hwo and Po-ho; these places have been wrongly restored as Gaz, Kunduj, and Balkh respectively; the symbol hing has been stressed by the pilgrim at his place.
Leaving Kie-chi(Kaccha) he arrived at Bamiyan; it was situated in the midst of the Snowy Mountains(Mt Imaos); the literature, customary rules, and money used in commerce of Bamiyan were the same like the Tukhara country. Alexander crossed into Baktria through Bamiyan; and from Bamiyan, the pilgrim went to Kia-pi-shi(Kapila).
Outstanding Universal Value of the Bamiyan is indicative through the places along with geographical position of Tukhara as its neighbours: that identifies ancient Turkey(Tu-hu-lo); Kapila marks the House of Cadmus and Kapilavastu with it; and Baktria is as same as Baku or the ancient Mecca. But these accounts are missing in the Unesco’ literature on Bamiyan.
Story of Gandhar misled all historians who failed to see it along with Asoka’s kingdom in Magadha same as the biblical Megiddo. After adopting the Path of the Dharma, Asoka lived in a place that was then called Mangala or the country of Gandhar. It was then situated on the Setu-bandha( or Rama-setu) itself. Today’s Bamiyan offers a wonderful picture of ancient migration, and the names of places within the Bamiyan Valleys provides certain clues that will help to rewrite the history of human civilization.
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