The Unesco heritage site at Saint Emilion defines the history of vineyards in a characteristic manner that identifies it with of the culture of vine. The ‘chateaux’ of the vineyards were built in the centre of the human settlements at St Emilion. History of vine is associated with ancient Thebes and Crete, the two most primordial human settlements on earth, whose geographical situations are explained along with Mt Sumeru or Mt Imaos(Meru).
According to Unesco, ‘The territory of the Jurisdiction of Saint Emilion is located in the Nouvelle Aquitaine region, in the department of the Gironde. ….. Delimited to the south by the Dordogne and to the north by the Barbanne stream, it is composed of a plateau (partly wooded), hillsides, concave valleys and a plain. Eight communes comprise the Jurisdiction, which was established in the 12th century by the King of England, John Lackland, Duke of Aquitane…’
Name Emilion’s root is in Semele, mother of the God of wine, Dionysus; Mt Nysa is culturally and geographically associated with the production of the vine. It was the first place where ‘inhabited world’ s first vineyards were then located. It is said that Dionysus established the city of Nysa in the name of his nurse Nysa at the foot of this mountain which was also called Mt Sumeru or Mt Meru at the centre of the earth; Alexander’s soldiers during his Indian invasion time scaled this mountain to taste its vineyards. Puranic name for wine was Somarasa which has also been derived from this name Semele. Alexander killed as many as 2000 Bacchus during his India invasion time; the other name of Dionysus was Bacchusto whom historians rightly see and consider as god of ancient India. At Saint Emilion the most important religious monuments are the Hermitage or Grotto of Saint Emilion; there is also a group of secular monuments, including the massive keep of the Château du Roi and the ruins of the Palais Cardinal. Monuments are present in each of the other seven villages. The enormous Pierrefitte menhir is in the commune of Saint-Sulpice-de-Faleyrens. Here Pierrefitte means ‘Parvata’ or the ‘mountain’ and menhir means ‘manohara’ or ‘beautiful’ also ‘sundara’. It identifies a place in Lavana island near ancient Rome. Roi refers to Rai of Avesta and Indian puranas which marks a lady of Radha or Rhodes(Rhadamanthys of the Greek). Name Tiberius identifies the Mt Tab or Tavatimsa which means Mt Sumeru at the middle of the earth. From this name originated the name of the Roman king Tiberius.
The villages are characterized by modest stone houses; the chais ; it does not mean ‘wine storehouses’ ; it identifies ‘chaityas’ ; though they are large rectangular functional structures built in stone or a mixture of brick and stone, with tiled double-pitched roofs, they are built from memory as sacred to the land from where the inhabitants migrated.
Grotto means ‘garta’or ‘gata’ (Odiya language), a man-made underground living-room; caves or gumphas are often seen in mountains only. Mt Nysa was home to thousand sages near which was Badr( of Quran). It was Naimisha of Indian puranas.
It is wrong to say that the Romans planted vineyards in what was to become Saint-Émilion. The town which was previously called Ascumbas and where the monument of Saint Emilion now stands speak of their story not later than 8th c A.D. It is a place that was built in the memory of the Mother of God of Wine
The Saint Emilion hermitage is location on the Pilgrimage Route to Santiago de Compostela, and it is 35 km (22 mi) northeast of Bordeaux between Libourne and Castillon-la-Bataille. Coat of arms of St Emilion and coat of arms of Libourne very clearly mark the land of the ‘Moon’ and the land of the sacred bathing ghat Tribeni and Mt Sumeru.