Unesco sees this world heritage site through Enlightenment Era of Europe that began its journey from Germany’ Enlightenment Capital at Weimar in the late 18th and early 19th century attracting many of the leading writers and thinkers such as Goethe(1749-1832), Schiller(1759-1805), and Herder(1744-1803) to Weimar.
Unesco says ‘It was in the lifetime of Duchess Anna Amalia (1739-1809) that Weimar’s Classical period began. She appointed the poet Christoph Martin Wieland (1733-1813) as tutor to her sons in 1772. It was after Carl August (1757-1828) had succeeded to the Duchy that Johann Wolfgang Goethe settled in the town (1775). Johann Gottfried Herder came to Weimar in the following year. The high point of the town’s cultural influence resulted from the creative relationship between Goethe and Friedrich Schiller that began in 1794 and was intensified when Schiller moved to Weimar in 1799’.
The heritage site includes among others the ‘Bastille;Dowager’s Palace (Wittumspalais); Duchess Anna Amalia Library; Park on the Ilm with the Roman House; Belvedere Castle and Park with Orangery; Ettersburg Castle and Park; Tiefurt Castle and Park..’.
Ancient history of Weimar is very long and wide; the oldest records regarding Weimar date to 899. Scholars see its origin in various terms like, ‘Wimares, Wimari, and Wimar wherein they suggest meaning of mari as ‘water’ and meaning of wih as ‘holy’. But its link with Thuringia and coming under the County of Orla-munde has not been given proper thought. The count of St James and St Peter owe their dynastic origin to Ober-Weimar which ran under Cistercian nuns. The independent parish here was then called civitas in 1254. And trading with the place carried out through a route named Via Regia. People were paying a tax to the authority called socage and after coming a part of the Wettins, the trade shared was termed ‘woad’ trade privilege.
Weimar—Amar/Amaravati/Amarkantak; Ptolemy puts this place on the ‘north’
Thuringia—A place-name in the Negev; its root is in Tiran/Toran/Turina etc.; the name appears in Carmina Gadelica also
Belvedere—Balabhadra/Bel-vedere identifies Bel of Vediya country
Mari(water)—relates to story of Mayura and ‘Water’ in the land of Moeris
Wih(holy)—Same as Yahweh/Oh/and Yeh
Orla-munde—Oda desha/Ora or Ada or Od country/Uden/Uddiyan/
Munde—means ‘mukhia’ or leader/ a place.
Civitas—cibira means a ‘dress’ meant for monks/ derived from Sivi.
Via Regia—Vyaghra-patha means ‘Tiger’s Path’ passing through Negev
Jena—A wonderful term that is attached with Jinn/Zion/Jina and John/marks the followers of An Enlightened One/A Profound Teacher of Wisdom
Leipzig—Labanga island/Raivat/Rupa Juggernut
Nurenberg—Nuren-berg/Narayan; place of worship of Zeus
socage — sulaka means ‘tax’
woad—adha means ‘half’.