The San Antonio Missions heritage site of Unesco are a group of five frontier mission complexes situated along a 12.4-kilometer (7.7-mile) stretch of the San Antonio River basin in southern Texas. These complexes, according to Unesco, ‘were built in the early eighteenth century’ which collectively exhibit the ‘Spanish Crown’s efforts to colonize, evangelize and defend the northern frontier of New Spain’.
The heritage site interweaves two cultures: the Spanish and the Coahuiltecan’; the amalgamation of culture of the indigenous peoples of the region with these two cultures is not clear; the five missions were selected on the basis of their geographical unity in the San Antonio River Basin. Though seems to have been founded independently, the missions located at a distance of less than five kilometres from each other share a common past and a common historic origin. The heritage site complexes were never built, as suggested, with a common intention of defending themselves from an external attack.
The Mission Valero is called ‘the Alamo’; the urban components of the individual sites are linked to San Antonio. The name Valero and the name Alamo hold their common past where meaning of San and Antonio bear their respective historical identity through the many events of the ancient world. Valero is as same as Bolar or Beluva of Buddhist history; shrine of Madhava, the Bodhisattva, stands here as a neighbour to Ananta shrine. Ananta is name of a Naga or the Serpnet king which is known to history as Ant . He was a giant of the ancient world. Alamo refers to the goddess ‘Allo-Ma’ and this name is known to other texts as ‘Lo’; the natural human calling for this goddess at the time of danger is ‘Allo-Ma-Lo’; Alexander’s historians called this deity as ‘Allan’ or ‘Alan’. It is homonymous with Allah and El or Ayila or Ila or Illa. The fact that it is under the control of the ‘Daughters’ of Republic of Texas points to the original seat of worship of goddess in the Women’s Country. Mission San José , Missions Espada, Mission San Juan and Mission Rancho de las Cabras wre historical partners of ancient Cos people; the latter identifies the ancient Kosala kingdom which is as same as Caesarea of Roman civilization sitting on the bank of the river Cos or Kos whose other name was Kua or Kau, means ‘Crow’;
Mission San José—–It refers to Jasa or Yasa of Pali texts; Another mission in this name at Fremont refers to ancient Brahma-khanda region; while Baja means either ‘Braja’ or ‘vraja’, it defines the geographical situation of royal seat near ‘sur’ region means ‘the region of Sun near Mt Komedai(Comondu) and Mt Sumeru.
Missions Espada—It is ‘Spada’ of Indian literature which is identical with ‘Go-spada’, and ‘Puja-spada’; spade refers to the ‘sacredness of a place. San always means ‘Sana’ or the sacred place that identifies Sankisya/Sankisa of the Buddhist literature.
Missions San Juan—-Name Juan means ‘Zion’ or Jinn, and it means ‘a great teacher’; The other mission at Capistrano in California highlights the ancient migrants’ common geographical root; Capisrtrano refers to ancient Capisthala means ‘the Monkey Kingdom’. It also identifies ancient Coptus region which scholars mark with ancient Egypt. It means the Mt Caucasus region from where the migrants came from
Missions Rancho de las Cabras—it is synonymous with Ranchi country and its Yue-chi historic background; Cabras seems to mean ‘Cyprus’.
Mission Nuestra Senora de la Purisima Concepcion de Acuna—-Purisima refers to Phurisipada and its goddess Artemis sitting on the bank of the river Phasi.
Bexar—It is like Buxar; and refers to ancient Baku/Bacchhus Matamoros —It refers to ancient Mata-Moros or Mothers of Maurya dynasty in whose clan Mary was born; Coahuiltecan means ‘Kahala’ and its Achaean identity.