Archaeologist Nicholas Dunlop’s excavations at Sardis, Turkey, as claimed by him, traces the war between the Lydians and the Persians in 546 B.C., Sardis was the ancient capital of the Lydian kingdom in western Turkey. Neither ancient Turkey, nor the ancient Sardis, same as ancient Sarada, or Sada are represented by the Modern Turkey or modern Sardis. They are the ‘second settlements’ of the ancient migrants.
Ancient Turkey was known to Chinese pilgrims as Tu-hu-lo; and Sardis was known as Sada, a place in or near the ancient Kashmir, same as Kasyapapura. Lydian during biblical time also was called as Laodicea, or Lyda. Ancient records are very clear on it; there should not be any confusion on it; Indian puranic tradition knows Laodicea as Laudi and defines its name according to holding number of cattle. Historians have identified Lyda or Lada with Lata. It was then a part of the ancient Greek settlements.