Unesco’s Durham Castle and Cathedral heritage site is related to the surrounding city and the wooded Wear Valley; the relics of three saints, Cuthbert, Bede, and Oswald hold the cultural memory of the community living close to the Wear Valley region. The cultural and religious traditions associated with the relics identify the original hometown of the migrants who first settled in this river valley.
According to Unesco, ‘These were essential both for the community of St. Cuthbert, who came to Durham in the tenth century in search of a safe base (having suffered periodic Viking raids over the course of several centuries), and for the Prince-Bishops of Durham, protectors of the turbulent English frontier… The property has remained continually in use as a place of worship, learning and residence. Durham Cathedral is a thriving religious institution with strong links to its surrounding community. ……Durham Cathedral was built between the late 11th and early 12th century to house the bodies of St. Cuthbert (634-687 AD) (the evangeliser of Northumbria) and the Venerable Bede (672/3-735 AD)….’.
St. Cuthbert—-Kuta-barta refers to the region of Mt Caucasus and the region of Coptus or the Bird Monastery region ; it also identifies Cushabarta/ Cushabatu/ Chaubarga/Kaibarta along with it.
Bede—-Bada or Bhadra or Verde or phade means ‘big and sacred’; it marks a group of follower known as Bhagavata and Baghamunda clan in Tigris(Bagha) region.
Oswald—Aswarohi of the Bible which means ‘the rider on the horse’; this identifies the Buddha and his renunciation taking the help of the horse Kanthaka and charioteer Chann.
Northumbria—-It refers to ancient Udumbara, known by a river, and a Tree in this name; the fruit of the fruit produced a kind of gold;
The river Wear means ‘Ur(Weer) ur Uru-vela River of Buddhist literature that identifies it with the history of the Great Flood; as Durham refers Dharma or Dharmaranya means ‘forest of Dharma’, Sunderland refers to ancient Sundar country where all its monks were called in one name ‘Sundara’ means ‘beautiful’; Name Alexander is a combination of two names ; Alika and Sundar. This was a place near Mrigdale or the Deer Park in Berenice(of the Periplus) or Banaras as same as Bernicia of King Ida. King Ida refers to the holy mountain of Ida connected with Zeus. The name Ida is as same as Mt Ita or Wutu or Ota of other ancient texts.
River Vedra(in the Roman Map of Britain)—-It refers to the river Bhadra as same as Kusha-Bhadra
River –gwair(Welsh)—-It refers to the River Gaury or Gauri
River wejr—-refers to the river vajra and it identifies river Niranjana or the river Zion, and Mt Zion
River we:dra—-This refers to the ancient region of Udra or Odra that identifies King Ida, and Eratosthenes ‘s Map’s Erdkarte country or Udaka-khanda region.
Wei—refers to Wi region;
River Wyre in Lancashire—It marks the ancient river Ayila river; it may mean Or-river as Lancashire means ancient Lanka who were the long-eared people or the Lambakanas.
River Browney—-It is identical with Barunei and Baruna, the Ocean God;
Croxdale—-Crox means ‘chaka’ or ‘chakra’ that refers to Dharma-chakra or the ‘Wheel of Law’ whose biblical identity is Catherine means ‘Chakra-bartin’;
Giles gate—It refers to Garuda Gate;
The river Wear flows out of Sunderland between Roker Pier and South Pier;
Roker Pier—Perhaps it refers to Akrua or Akura; this name identifies an Akkadian or a learned man and a charioteer from Arka or the Fertile Crescent region;
Pier—-It means ‘Vir’ or a –strong-man’ or a soldier or a man belonging to Bhur clan;