The Iron Bridge heritage site of Unesco is located in Telford, Shropshire approximately 50 km north-west of Brimingham which includes five identifiable areas: Coalbrookdale, Ironbridge, Hay Brook Valley with Madeley, Jackfield and Coalport. They are enclosed by a common boundary and are linked with the River Severn.
According to Unesco, ‘It was in Coalbrookdale in 1709 that the Quaker Abraham Darby I developed the production technique of smelting iron with coke which began the great 18th century iron revolution…..The small community of Jackfield on the south bank of the River Severn was important for navigation, coal mining, clay production, and the manufacture of decorative tiles. Located at the eastern end of the property and on the north bank of the River Severn, industrialisation came to Coalport in the late 18th century and the area is remembered principally for the Coalport China Works. …’.
The River Severn is known to Welsh as Afon Hafren which discharges at Apperley, Gloucestershire. It rises on Plynlimon close to the Ceredigion/Powys border near Llanidloes, in the Cambrian Mountains of mid Wales. It flows through Shropshire, Worcestershire, and Gloucestershire with the county towns of Shrewsbury, Worcester, and Gloucester on its banks. Severn Estuary contains River Wye and Bristol Avon; tributaries of Severn are : the Yyrnwy, Tern, Teme, Warwickshire Avon, and Worcestershire Stour.
Scholars think that the name Severn has been derived from the Celtic ‘sabrinna’; some other marks its origin in samarina means ‘land of the summer fallow’; mythological identity of Sabrina finds this name as goddess of the River Severn.
River Severn—-River Subarna(same as Soan) means ‘gold carrying river’;
Afon Hafren —Hebron refers to the river Hiranybahu means ‘gold carrying river’ of Av or Avanti;
Apperley—Apalal Nage or the Serpent King
Gloucestershire—Gouri or Gaury kingdom; cester means ‘kshetra’ or ‘area; shire means ‘Sri’; this identifies gauri as a royal seat and was a part of ancient Sri-kshetra;
Plynlimon—Bir-Ramana from which the name ‘brahman’ has been originated marks the ancient Romans or the Ramanaka people;
Ceredigion—Gion(also Gina) or Jina or Zion of Cede country or Cetiya country; Cete was the royal seat of administration in Kosala kingdom as same as Caesarea; Cete is Crete of other texts.
Powys—Payar, or Pahar was known to ancient world as little Magadha;
Llanidloes—Alanda or Oland settlement;
Cambrian Mountains—-it means mountain of Campa or Kamboj mountain;
Wales—Uru or Ori or Ora people
Shropshire—or Shrop-shire; it means ‘Sobha’ or Sophia region; Sobha was name of the place or the forest where seat of worship of Zeus of Kashya stood on the bank of the Caspian Sea of Kasyapa or Kaspeira Sea..
Sabrinna—It marks the star ‘Srabana’ and the settlement of Sabara people; it may means ‘Saravana’;