Unesco marks Taos(36023’ 38” N 1050 34’ 36” W) Pueblo heritage site as ‘Pueblo Indian settlements’ in northern Mexico, which stands ‘from the pre-Hispanic period of the Americas unique to this region’; it consists of ‘ceremonial buildings and facilities, and multi-storey adobe dwellings built in terraced tiers’. These settlements, scholars see, were established in the late 13th and early 14th centuries in the valleys of the Rio Grande with its North and South Houses rising to heights of five storeys. Taos Pueblo and the people of the Pueblo claim an aboriginal presence in the Taos Valley since time immemorial. The ancestral Pueblo people’s memory are preserved in nearby places such Chaco Canyon and Mesa Verde regions.
According to Unesco, ‘It is nevertheless unique to this region and not derived from Mesoamerican precedents. The property includes the walled village with two multi-storey adobe structures, seven kivas (underground ceremonial chambers), the ruins of a previous pueblo, four middens, a track for traditional foot-races, the ruins of the first church built in the 1600s and the present-day San Geronimo Catholic Church. The Taos mountains (Sangre de Cristo range of the Rocky Mountains) provide the setting for the Pueblo. Within these mountains is the 19,425-ha Taos Pueblo Blue Lake Wilderness Area, a resource of critical importance to the Pueblo’s living culture and agricultural sustainability. The Sacred Blue Lake, intrinsically linked to the Pueblo’s culture, is the source of a stream that flows through the settlement.
Taos is exactly Ta’is/Ts’in/This /Ts’i where Tsor people of the Periplus were known as Phoenician race(the Karteia, and Tosr, and the Carthage and Tyre);
Chinese pilgrims mention places like To-wai, Tsih, Tsu-tsai, Tushita etc. which they visited in the Middle Country, i.e. ancient India; Taos mountain which is called Sangre de Cristo, synonymous with Sringeri means ‘Sri-giri’ or the Mountain of ‘Sri’; Cristo means ‘Christ’ or Krousta that identifies the seat of worship of Kashypa or Zeus. This marks the region of Pariplaba means the Periplus from which the name Pueblo has been derived.
The Sangre de Cristo should be seen as ‘Abode of Christ ‘ instead of ‘Blood of Christ’ as the Spanish translation of the name stands for; the mountain runs from Poncha Pass, south-east of Santa Fe(New Mexico), ending in Glorieta Pass; the ancient Punt or Pont region was near Santa Ros whch was neighbourly to Mt Sri or See; thus the names collectively show the region from where the its inhabitants came from after the Great Flood. Glorieta marks the region of Gouri and Wutu ot Mt Ita.
According to scholars, this mountain was previously called by various names: ‘La Sierra Nevada’, ‘La Sierra Madre’, and ‘La Sierra’; Sierra means ‘Sri’ or See/Si/Ci; and ‘La’ refers to a sacred place. while Nevada identifies the region of ‘Sacred Nine’, Madre means ‘Middle Country, and both the terms means the ‘same’.
Adobe exactly meant ‘Adapa-mandapa’, the decorative place outside the temple where god comes for a temporary period for public worship on festival occasions and on auspicious days.
Language of Taos has been termed as Tanoan and their settlement is in Northern Tiwa, and the Pueblo is referred to as ‘the village’; this offers a peculiar identity of Taos people. The proper name of the Pueblo is ȉałopháymųp’ȍhə́othə̀olbo, which, according to scholars, means ‘at red willow canyon mouth’. This name which is used on special religious occasions pinpoints to their historic past, and their ancient land from where they migrated after the Great Flood.
ȉałopháymųp—Ialo-phay-mup /or ialo means ‘Ayila’ or ‘El’ country; or ialophay means alabhya or ‘very rare’ or fearless; mup seems to mean nrupa or ‘King’ or ‘palace of the king’;
ȍhə́othə̀olbo—oheo– theolbo means Yahweh, the God, and Atharba, the people of Atharba tribe;
The term canyon means ‘Canaan’ of the Bible; Ranchos which is synonymous with Ranchi, refers to the sacred land that holds the story of Venus and Anchises;
Arroyo Seco—Arya Sha-chi or Saketa or Escahte, the land of the Ramanaka people;
El Prado—Shrine of Bhadra/Badrika/Badr
Orilla—It refers to the Missionary soldiers known as Arilo or Arya-ksheta yodha in Pali literature.
Ialap’aijpaana—The names of streams refer to the wonderful religious sentiment of Pueblo people which has been forgotten in their original ancestral land from where they migrated; this means ‘aij-paana’ where ‘paana’ means a drinking sweet holy water; alap means ‘in small quantity’;
Ja’lapa—means ‘jalapana’ ‘drinking water’ that refers to drinking the same on auspicious occasions followed by a ritual;
Kipawai—means ‘kupa’ or well; it may mean ‘krupabari’ means ‘water god’s kindness’
Tawi’impo—Tahia region and its goddess Amba
Truchas Peak—Takka Peak; it refers to ancient Takka country means Takshasila famous for university and its sacred Rock;
Mount Mestas—It is in Huerfano County; it means ‘Matsya’ or the ‘Fish Mount’ which refers ancient Ajodhya whose shape was like a fish;
Mount Philips—-Mount Phullara means ‘Puspa’ or F;ower;
Baldy Mountains—Badri Mountain where Mata Sri was staying;
Mount San Isabel—-It means sacred mountain of Alavi or Oleb or Albourg;
Truchas Peaks—It is a peak of the Sangre de Mountains;
Esphanola—It refers to ancient Isipatna or Ispahano of other texts;
Costilla Peak—Kasturi Peak; it refers to a deer in this name;
Valle Vidal—Baidurya or Jewel Mountain; may mean Bidura, Bidhar or Bidyadhar;
Comanche Point—Goddess Kamakshi Point
Shuree Ponds—Sri Pond means sacred ‘Triveni’ Pond; it may refer to Saury or Sura pond;
Crestone Peak—Kiton or Khotan Peak that is as same as Mt Caucasus;
Blanca Peak—Vanka Peak